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全选 清除 题录导出 99 条 记 录,以下是21-30
国家人工智能研发战略计划
The National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a transformative technology that holds promise for tremend...显示全部 Artificial intelligence (AI) is a transformative technology that holds promise for tremendous societal and economic benefit. AI has the potential to revolutionize how we live, work, learn, discover, and communicate. AI research can further our national priorities, including increased economic prosperity, improved educational opportunities and quality of life, and enhanced national and homeland security. Because of these potential benefits, the U.S. government has invested in AI research for many years. Yet, as with any significant technology in which the Federal government has interest, there are not only tremendous opportunities but also a number of considerations that must be taken into account in guiding the overall direction of Federally-funded R&D in AI. On May 3, 2016, the Administration announced the formation of a new NSTC Subcommittee on Machine Learning and Artificial intelligence, to help coordinate Federal activity in AI.1 This Subcommittee, on June 15, 2016, directed the Subcommittee on Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) to create a National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan. A NITRD Task Force on Artificial Intelligence was then formed to define the Federal strategic priorities for AI R&D, with particular attention on areas that industry is unlikely to address. This National Artificial Intelligence R&D Strategic Plan establishes a set of objectives for Federallyfunded AI research, both research occurring within the government as well as Federally-funded research occurring outside of government, such as in academia. The ultimate goal of this research is to produce new AI knowledge and technologies that provide a range of positive benefits to society, while minimizing the negative impacts. To achieve this goal, this AI R&D Strategic Plan identifies the following priorities for Federally-funded AI research.显示部分
主题词: 知识发现 人工智能 感知能力 人工智能局限性 广义人工智能 可扩展 类人 性能与可靠性 硬件性能 可兼容先进硬件
发布日期: 2016发布机构: [20013]美国国家科学技术委员会点击次数:3
国防2045:为国防政策制定者评估未来的安全环境及影响
Defense 2045: Assessing the Future Security Environment and Implications for Defense Policymakers
In a period of budget austerity and emerging threats, defense policymakers must contend wi...显示全部 In a period of budget austerity and emerging threats, defense policymakers must contend with a range of competing requirements. And while current conflicts take precedence, the Defense Department must also focus on developing the force of the future. To do so, it is first necessary to consider the nature of conflict and types of missions the U.S. military may face in the coming decades. By assessing the key components, or drivers, of the future security environment (FSE), an unknowable future becomes a bit clearer. This report provides such an assessment. Drawing on qualitative data such as national security and foreign policy literature, Defense Department strategy and operational documents, and interviews with leading academics and practitioners, this study identifies and examines the drivers of the FSE in order to guide analysis and decisionmaking.显示部分
主题词: 人口 经济和国家力量 权力扩散 新兴技术和颠覆性技术 连通性 地缘政治 安全环境 先进计算技术/人工智能技术 增材制造 合成生物技术 机器人技术 纳米技术 材料科学
发布日期: 2015发布机构: [20014]战略及国际研究中心点击次数:3
国家纳米技术计划
National Nanotechnology Initiative: Leading to the Next Industrial Revolution
Launched in 2000 with eight agencies, the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) consist...显示全部 Launched in 2000 with eight agencies, the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) consists of the individual and cooperative nanotechnology-related activities of 26 Federal agencies with a range of research and regulatory roles and responsibilities. Fifteen of the participating agencies have research and development (R&D) budgets that relate to nanotechnology, with the reported NNI budget representing the collective sum of these investments. Funding support for nanotechnology R&D stems directly from NNI member agencies, not the NNI. As an interagency effort, the NNI informs and influences the Federal budget and planning processes through its member agencies and through the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC). The NNI brings together the expertise needed to advance this broad and complex field—creating a framework for shared goals, priorities, and strategies that help each participating Federal agency leverage the resources of all participating agencies. With the support of the NNI, nanotechnology R&D is taking place in academic, government, and industry laboratories across the United States.显示部分
主题词: 光学新材料 生物分子追踪应用 微电子制造 光刻技术 纳米生物
发布日期: 2000发布机构: [20013]美国国家科学技术委员会点击次数:4
中国高科技发展不平衡:对美国的启示
China’s Uneven High-Tech Drive: Implications for the United States
This report, with contributions from leading U.S. and Chinese experts, provides a dispassi...显示全部 This report, with contributions from leading U.S. and Chinese experts, provides a dispassionate assessment of China’s high-tech drive and the implications for the United States and the global economy. The first section examines the overall trajectory of Chinese innovation. The second part takes an in-depth look at several prominent cases, including 5G, artificial intelligence, and autonomous vehicles. Collectively, this analysis indicates a highly uneven record of performance, with substantial successes and major problems. The report’s final section suggests how, in light of these findings, the United States and China should address the challenges in technology innovation and their broader relationship.显示部分
主题词: 中国 高科技驱动力 全球经济 5G 人工智能 自动驾驶汽车 挑战
发布日期: 2020发布机构: [20014]战略及国际研究中心点击次数:5
21世纪的科学、技术与创新战略——确保美国国家安全
A 21st Century Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategy for America's National Security
Leadership in science and technology is the foundation of U.S. national security. While ou...显示全部 Leadership in science and technology is the foundation of U.S. national security. While our national security scientists and engineers continue to develop and field amazing technologies, much of the current national security science and technology (S&T) enterprise was built several decades ago to address the threats of the cold war. Today, emerging technologies are creating the potential for new, asymmetric, and unpredictable threats in areas such as cybersecurity, synthetic biology, artificial intelligence and autonomy, and climate change. In order to address these emerging threats, our national security science, technology, and innovation enterprise must become more agile, responsive, and resilient.显示部分
主题词: 国家安全 军事力量 国土防御 学术和工业生态系统 非对称威胁 智能化管理 变革性框架 创新性实践
发布日期: 2016发布机构: [20013]美国国家科学技术委员会点击次数:4
2019年国家战略计算倡议更新
National Strategic Computing Initiative Update: Pioneering the Future of Computing
The national computing landscape is undergoing rapid evolution along multiple dimensions d...显示全部 The national computing landscape is undergoing rapid evolution along multiple dimensions due to the introduction of new and potentially disruptive technologies and the demands of new classes of dataintensive applications. Computer architectures and systems are more heterogeneous and complex, and the challenges associated with the complexity and sustainability of software are significant. Application developers are being called to meet demands for improved usability and productivity. Therefore, to address this new environment, it is essential to update the 2016 U.S. Strategic Computing Plan1 in a holistic and synergistic fashion that involves government, academia, and industry. The Office of Science and Technology Policy and the National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Networking and Information Technology Research and Development created a Fast Track Action Committee on Strategic Computing in June 2019 to address this imperative.显示部分
主题词: 颠覆性技术 新型数据密集型程序 国家计算 计算机体系结构
发布日期: 2019发布机构: [20013]美国国家科学技术委员会点击次数:1
国家量子信息科学战略概述
National Strategic Overview for Quantum Information Science
The policy opportunities identified in this strategic overview are summarized below. Follo...显示全部 The policy opportunities identified in this strategic overview are summarized below. Following these recommendations, along with detailed planning and coordination made possible by the SCQIS as well as engagement with stakeholders, is crucial for the United States’ future success. Choosing a science-first approach to QIS. Creating a quantum-smart workforce for tomorrow. Deepening engagement with quantum industry. Providing critical infrastructure. Maintaining national security and economic growth. Advancing international cooperation. 显示部分
主题词: QIS方法 量子智慧型劳动力 量子产业 基础架构 经济增长 国际合作
发布日期: 2018发布机构: [20013]美国国家科学技术委员会点击次数:2
工业领域的破坏性力量
Disruptive forces in the industrial sectors: Global executive survey
The industrial sector will see more disruption within the next five years than it has in t...显示全部 The industrial sector will see more disruption within the next five years than it has in the past 20. Revenues will grow, but incumbents are ill equipped to capture their fair share. They will need to shake up their business models, their approaches to competitors, and the very core of their businesses to hold their own, let alone grow, in the face of a disruptive onslaught.显示部分
主题词: 连接性驱动 业务模型 人工智能 物联网 电气化 技术变革 网络安全 颠覆性
发布日期: 2018发布机构: [20002]麦肯锡点击次数:2
借助AI加速竞争优势
Accelerationg competitive advantage with AI
We collaborated with Microsoft for the third year running during summer 2019, to explore t...显示全部 We collaborated with Microsoft for the third year running during summer 2019, to explore the current state of AI across four specific industries, retail, manufacturing, health and financial services within the UK. We analysed how organisations within these sectors can implement AI in an ethical, cost effective and optimal way. With rapid advancements in AI, our research answers questions around ethics, responsible innovation and the future impact of AI on our industry sectors and workforces. We gathered practical advice on how organisations can create robust and scalable AI investments.显示部分
主题词: 微软 零售 制造 医疗 金融服务 人工智能 机器学习 策略
发布日期: 2020发布机构: [20025]微软点击次数:1
突破颠覆:拥抱智慧支点的力量
Breaking Through Disruption: Embrace the power of the wise pivot
To make a Wise Pivot, companies need to reallocate their financial, innovation and talent ...显示全部 To make a Wise Pivot, companies need to reallocate their financial, innovation and talent resources towards businesses of the future, but without neglecting their legacy. In this report, we show how successful companies deploy an innovation pivot to manage disruption effectively, over time.显示部分
主题词: 可持续性 脆弱性 挥发性 生存能力 创新枢纽
发布日期: 2019发布机构: [20029]埃森哲点击次数:1