The National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a transformative technology that holds promise for tremend...显示全部Artificial intelligence (AI) is a transformative technology that holds promise for tremendous societal and economic benefit. AI has the potential to revolutionize how we live, work, learn, discover, and communicate. AI research can further our national priorities, including increased economic prosperity, improved educational opportunities and quality of life, and enhanced national and homeland security. Because of these potential benefits, the U.S. government has invested in AI research for many years. Yet, as with any significant technology in which the Federal government has interest, there are not only tremendous opportunities but also a number of considerations that must be taken into account in guiding the overall direction of Federally-funded R&D in AI.
On May 3, 2016, the Administration announced the formation of a new NSTC Subcommittee on Machine Learning and Artificial intelligence, to help coordinate Federal activity in AI.1 This Subcommittee, on June 15, 2016, directed the Subcommittee on Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) to create a National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan. A NITRD Task Force on Artificial Intelligence was then formed to define the Federal strategic priorities for AI R&D, with particular attention on areas that industry is unlikely to address.
This National Artificial Intelligence R&D Strategic Plan establishes a set of objectives for Federallyfunded AI research, both research occurring within the government as well as Federally-funded research occurring outside of government, such as in academia. The ultimate goal of this research is to produce new AI knowledge and technologies that provide a range of positive benefits to society, while minimizing the negative impacts. To achieve this goal, this AI R&D Strategic Plan identifies the following priorities for Federally-funded AI research.显示部分
Defense 2045: Assessing the Future Security Environment and Implications for Defense Policymakers
In a period of budget austerity and emerging threats, defense policymakers must contend wi...显示全部In a period of budget austerity and emerging threats, defense policymakers must contend with a range of competing requirements. And while current conflicts take precedence, the Defense Department must also focus on developing the force of the future. To do so, it is first necessary to consider the nature of conflict and types of missions the U.S. military may face in the coming decades. By assessing the key components, or drivers, of the future security environment (FSE), an unknowable future becomes a bit clearer. This report provides such an assessment. Drawing on qualitative data such as national security and foreign policy literature, Defense Department strategy and operational documents, and interviews with leading academics and practitioners, this study identifies and examines the drivers of the FSE in order to guide analysis and decisionmaking.显示部分
National Nanotechnology Initiative: Leading to the Next Industrial Revolution
Launched in 2000 with eight agencies, the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) consist...显示全部Launched in 2000 with eight agencies, the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) consists of the individual and cooperative nanotechnology-related activities of 26 Federal agencies with a range of research and regulatory roles and responsibilities. Fifteen of the participating agencies have research and development (R&D) budgets that relate to nanotechnology, with the reported NNI budget representing the collective sum of these investments. Funding support for nanotechnology R&D stems directly from NNI member agencies, not the NNI. As an interagency effort, the NNI informs and influences the Federal budget and planning processes through its member agencies and through the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC). The NNI brings together the expertise needed to advance this broad and complex field—creating a framework for shared goals, priorities, and strategies that help each participating Federal agency leverage the resources of all participating agencies. With the support of the NNI, nanotechnology R&D is taking place in academic, government, and industry laboratories across the United States.显示部分
China’s Uneven High-Tech Drive: Implications for the United States
This report, with contributions from leading U.S. and Chinese experts, provides a dispassi...显示全部This report, with contributions from leading U.S. and Chinese experts, provides a dispassionate assessment of China’s high-tech drive and the implications for the United States and the global economy. The first section examines the overall trajectory of Chinese innovation. The second part takes an in-depth look at several prominent cases, including 5G, artificial intelligence, and autonomous vehicles. Collectively, this analysis indicates a highly uneven record of performance, with substantial successes and major problems. The report’s final section suggests how, in light of these findings, the United States and China should address the challenges in technology innovation and their broader relationship.显示部分
A 21st Century Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategy for America's National Security
Leadership in science and technology is the foundation of U.S. national security. While ou...显示全部Leadership in science and technology is the foundation of U.S. national security. While our national security scientists and engineers continue to develop and field amazing technologies, much of the current national security science and technology (S&T) enterprise was built several decades ago to address the threats of the cold war. Today, emerging technologies are creating the potential for new, asymmetric, and unpredictable threats in areas such as cybersecurity, synthetic biology, artificial intelligence and autonomy, and climate change. In order to address these emerging threats, our national security science, technology, and innovation enterprise must become more agile, responsive, and resilient.显示部分
National Strategic Computing Initiative Update: Pioneering the Future of Computing
The national computing landscape is undergoing rapid evolution along multiple dimensions d...显示全部The national computing landscape is undergoing rapid evolution along multiple dimensions due to the introduction of new and potentially disruptive technologies and the demands of new classes of dataintensive applications. Computer architectures and systems are more heterogeneous and complex, and the challenges associated with the complexity and sustainability of software are significant. Application developers are being called to meet demands for improved usability and productivity. Therefore, to address this new environment, it is essential to update the 2016 U.S. Strategic Computing Plan1 in a holistic and synergistic fashion that involves government, academia, and industry. The Office of Science and Technology Policy and the National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Networking and Information Technology Research and Development created a Fast Track Action Committee on Strategic Computing in June 2019 to address this imperative.显示部分
National Strategic Overview for Quantum Information Science
The policy opportunities identified in this strategic overview are summarized below. Follo...显示全部The policy opportunities identified in this strategic overview are summarized below. Following these recommendations, along with detailed planning and coordination made possible by the SCQIS as well as engagement with stakeholders, is crucial for the United States’ future success. Choosing a science-first approach to QIS. Creating a quantum-smart workforce for tomorrow. Deepening engagement with quantum industry. Providing critical infrastructure. Maintaining national security and economic growth. Advancing international cooperation. 显示部分
Disruptive forces in the industrial sectors: Global executive survey
The industrial sector will see more disruption within the next five years than it has in t...显示全部The industrial sector will see more disruption within the next five years than it has in the past 20. Revenues will grow, but incumbents are ill equipped to capture their fair share. They will need to shake up their business models, their approaches to competitors, and the very core of their businesses to hold their own, let alone grow, in the face of a disruptive onslaught.显示部分
We collaborated with Microsoft for the third year running during summer 2019, to explore t...显示全部We collaborated with Microsoft for the third year running during summer 2019, to explore the current state of AI across four specific industries, retail, manufacturing, health and financial services within the UK. We analysed how organisations within these sectors can implement AI in an ethical, cost effective and optimal way.
With rapid advancements in AI, our research answers questions around ethics, responsible innovation and the future impact of AI on our industry sectors and workforces. We gathered practical advice on how organisations can create robust and scalable AI investments.显示部分
Breaking Through Disruption: Embrace the power of the wise pivot
To make a Wise Pivot, companies need to reallocate their financial, innovation and talent ...显示全部To make a Wise Pivot, companies need to reallocate their financial, innovation and talent resources towards businesses of the future, but without neglecting their legacy. In this report, we show how successful companies deploy an innovation pivot to manage disruption effectively, over time.显示部分