2040年增材制造RESULT

Additive Manufacturing in 2040

发布机构 [20001]兰德公司

发布时间 2018-01-01

项目人员 Trevor Johnston, Troy D. Smith, J. Luke Irwin

主题 经济学;新兴技术;就业和失业;全球安全;科学;技术和创新政策;恐怖主义组织

年份 2018

 

摘要:

Additive manufacturing (AM) — colloquially known as three-dimensional, or 3D, printing — is an emerging technology with potential local and international security implications in the near and long terms. This Perspective — part of a series examining critical security challenges in 2040 — offers a new framework for exploring the disruptive dimensions of AM technology, helping to inform which sectors and industries might be the most affected in the future. To better understand the security implications, a RAND research team briefly reviewed the existing literature, conducted interviews with stakeholders and subject-matter experts, and convened a workshop with technology and security experts. Two overarching security threats emerged: the proliferation of weapons and economic insecurity. This Perspective explores each of these security threats and offers a series of mitigation strategies and policy recommendations to help manage and regulate the negative impacts of this technology.